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Hawk Mountain Sanctuary Association Documents, 1938-1948

Identifier: SC MS 0160

Scope and Contents

The collection material consists of annual reports, correspondence, newsletters, publications and poetry about Hawk Mountain.


  • Creation: 1938-1948


Conditions Governing Access

Collection housed remotely. Users need to contact 24 hours in advance.

Conditions Governing Use

Collection is open for research.

Biographical / Historical

Hawk Mountain Sanctuary is located in the Kempton – Drehersville area in Albany and East Brunswick Townships located on a ridge of Hawk Mountain of the Blue Mountain chain of the Appalachian Mountains flyway in eastern Pennsylvania. Since 1934, Hawk Mountain Sanctuary has been an international center for raptor conservation, education, observation and research. In 1934, Rosalie Edge, who was a New York socialite and avid bird watcher, leased 1,400 acres of property on Hawk Mountain and hired wardens to keep hunters away. The wardens were Maurice Broun and wife, Irma Broun. Eventually Maurice Broun became curator. Mrs. Edge also founded the Emergency Conservation Committee in 1929.

In 1938, the Hawk Mountain Sanctuary Association was incorporated as a non-profit organization in Pennsylvania. It has remained self-sufficient. In 1938 Rosalie Edge purchased the property and deeded it in perpetuity to the Association. In 1965, the sanctuary was registered as a National Natural Landmark. Hawk Mountain Sanctuary is the world’s oldest wildlife sanctuary exclusively committed to protection and observation of birds of prey. Lehigh University professor Francis J. Trembley served as vice president of the Sanctuary. University Librarian Howard Leach was a member of the Association. In 2001 the Acopian Center for Conservation Learning opened and was named for Sarkis Acopian, a large donor to the Sanctuary.

As of February 2018, contact information is: 1700 Hawk Mountain Rd. Kempton, PA 19529



0.5 Linear Feet (1 box)

Language of Materials



This collection contains documents from the early movement in bird conservation and rapture education efforts in the United States. The Hawk Mountain Sanctuary (Pennsylvania) is the world’s oldest wildlife sanctuary exclusively committed to protection and observation of birds of prey.


The material is arranged in five folders containing like material: Annual Reports, Correspondence, Newsletters, Publications and ephemera.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Collected by Howard S. Leach during his tenure as Lehigh University Librarian in the late 1930s and 1940s. Transferred from circulating collection to Special Collections 2013.

Related Materials

Trembley, Francis J. (vertical file) SC LVF T788 Broun, Maurice. Hawks Aloft: the Story of Hawk Mountain. 1949, 2000. 598.94 B875h and LX B875h

Hawk Mountain Sanctuary Association Documents, 1938-1948
Eleanor Nothelfer
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Script of description
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Repository Details

Part of the Lehigh University Special Collections Repository

Lehigh University
Linderman Library
30 Library Drive
Bethlehem PA 18045 USA
610-758-6091 (Fax)