Hawk Mountain Sanctuary Association Documents, 1938-1948
Scope and Contents
The collection material consists of annual reports, correspondence, newsletters, publications and poetry about Hawk Mountain.
- Hawk Mountain Sanctuary Association (Organization)
Conditions Governing Access
Collection housed remotely. Users need to contact 24 hours in advance.
Conditions Governing Use
Collection is open for research.
Biographical / Historical
Hawk Mountain Sanctuary is located in the Kempton – Drehersville area in Albany and East Brunswick Townships located on a ridge of Hawk Mountain of the Blue Mountain chain of the Appalachian Mountains flyway in eastern Pennsylvania. Since 1934, Hawk Mountain Sanctuary has been an international center for raptor conservation, education, observation and research. In 1934, Rosalie Edge, who was a New York socialite and avid bird watcher, leased 1,400 acres of property on Hawk Mountain and hired wardens to keep hunters away. The wardens were Maurice Broun and wife, Irma Broun. Eventually Maurice Broun became curator. Mrs. Edge also founded the Emergency Conservation Committee in 1929.
In 1938, the Hawk Mountain Sanctuary Association was incorporated as a non-profit organization in Pennsylvania. It has remained self-sufficient. In 1938 Rosalie Edge purchased the property and deeded it in perpetuity to the Association. In 1965, the sanctuary was registered as a National Natural Landmark. Hawk Mountain Sanctuary is the world’s oldest wildlife sanctuary exclusively committed to protection and observation of birds of prey. Lehigh University professor Francis J. Trembley served as vice president of the Sanctuary. University Librarian Howard Leach was a member of the Association. In 2001 the Acopian Center for Conservation Learning opened and was named for Sarkis Acopian, a large donor to the Sanctuary.
As of February 2018, contact information is: 1700 Hawk Mountain Rd. Kempton, PA 19529
0.5 Linear Feet (1 box)
Language of Materials
This collection contains documents from the early movement in bird conservation and rapture education efforts in the United States. The Hawk Mountain Sanctuary (Pennsylvania) is the world’s oldest wildlife sanctuary exclusively committed to protection and observation of birds of prey.
The material is arranged in five folders containing like material: Annual Reports, Correspondence, Newsletters, Publications and ephemera.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Collected by Howard S. Leach during his tenure as Lehigh University Librarian in the late 1930s and 1940s. Transferred from circulating collection to Special Collections 2013.
- Annual reports
- Birds -- Conservation
- Birds of prey
- Broun, Maurice, 1906-1979
- Drehersville (Pa.)
- Edge, Rosalie Barrow, 1877-1962
- Hawk Mountain Sanctuary (Pa.)
- Hawk Mountain Sanctuary Association
- Lehigh University. Faculty
- Trembley, Francis J., (1904-1978)
- Wildlife refuges
- Hawk Mountain Sanctuary Association Documents, 1938-1948
- Eleanor Nothelfer
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Code for undetermined script
- Language of description note
Part of the Lehigh University Special Collections Repository
30 Library Drive
Bethlehem PA 18045 USA